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[美国] 日媒:警惕美国向南海派驻电子战部队

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发表于 2020-7-19 22:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
http://www.nanhai.org.cn/info-detail/22/9659.html
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美军计划向南海部署一支电子作战部队,这是特朗普政府对华施压的最新举动。两支特殊部队最早将于2021年被部署到印太地区,以开展从电子与网络战到导弹精确瞄准等各领域的行动,其中至少一支将驻扎在南海周边区域。一名美国海军前官员称,通过“欺骗”扰乱中国的军事通信,将是对南海发生不测事件的一种有效反应。
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& D  O: m" C- O  ]+ R美国希望获得可在南海海域爆发军事冲突时阻止中国跟踪美军的能力。中国的防御战略建立在反介入/区域拒止(A2/AD)概念之上,通过联合利用导弹和传感器拒止对手的行动自由,并防止其接近中国大陆。美国及其盟友“不得不在许多不同领域密切合作才能挫败这些武器系统”。上述美海军前官员说,“其中一种途径是借助能欺骗一些武器的导引头和导弹导引头的技术,以使其认为自己正飞向有关航母或舰只,但其实它是在飞向半英里外或更远处的水域”。
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2 X8 h# G) e0 s* ?: W若不可能接近南海,美军计划通过远程导弹打击来应对。曾担任美国陆军副参谋长的杰克·基恩称,美国认为中国的A2/AD战略赋予北京一种竞争优势。华盛顿须确保“对此具有一种有效的威慑力”。% x% ^7 K& m7 ]" i

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) |! e, a2 G9 T2 u  ^) E& G美国已退出《中导条约》并开发该射程的新导弹,将与有关亚洲国家就部署这些导弹磋商。但中国在南海的更强大控制力或将限制美国在该海域的活动,使南海成为携带瞄准美国的弹道导弹的中国核潜艇的安全港。本周蓬佩奥的有关表态标志着美政府对该海域的态度发生改变。(但)特朗普对南海兴趣不大,美军能否长期遏制中国在该海域的活动是个问题。(作者Ryo Nakamura等,崔晓冬译)1 m1 o9 c7 W. b4 f) @, n$ G! M
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-7-19 22:49 | 显示全部楼层
US to strengthen electronic-warfare abilities in South China Sea
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& i; l! U3 b' rhttps://asia.nikkei.com/Politics ... -in-South-China-Sea% L3 `- b' j' c

( K6 I4 L( O; `( kRYO NAKAMURA and TSUKASA HADANO, Nikkei staff writers
  i! C" U! J( w- K+ G, nJuly 17, 2020 04:16 JST
) f& ^" ?6 ^5 Z; @% s  }- KWASHINGTON/BEIJING -- The U.S. military plans to deploy an electronic-warfare unit to the South China Sea, the latest move by the Trump administration to pressure China after calling Beijing's maritime claims there "completely unlawful."
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& I  X! d6 X+ U# i+ FTwo special units will be deployed to the Indo-Pacific region as early as 2021, to operate over various domains from electronic and cyber warfare to precision missile targeting. At least one of them will be stationed around the South China Sea.
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2 \, v& d8 {& ?6 D# kDisrupting Chinese military communications through "deception" will be an effective response to an emergency in the South China Sea, a former U.S. Navy officer said.
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- B. P1 Z$ K9 l' Y$ \China claims sovereignty over almost all of the South China Sea under its "nine-dash line" and has accelerated its military expansion in the waters in the past decade. It built a 3,000-meter runway and a large-scale military port on Fiery Cross Reef. Woody Island -- part of the Paracels -- is home to a fighter jet hangar and believed to be armed with land-to-air and land-to-ship missiles. Naval drills have become commonplace in the area as well.6 F6 s0 f# N2 @" c

) N. I7 `, a% `$ H7 |1 Q( g: NIn addition to those on Woody Island, China has deployed on its coast missiles capable of striking anywhere in the South China Sea. To counter this, the U.S. wants the capability to prevent China from tracking American forces should armed conflict break out in the waters.2 P+ z- |! i# x* w7 M; Z& D; E; O

& e0 C# f9 y: m* W% c# l. SChina's defense strategy is built on the concept of anti-access/area denial, or A2/AD, which combines missiles and sensors to deny the freedom of movement of adversaries and to prevent them from approaching the Chinese mainland.
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% A' O0 ^3 P, g/ Z0 w2 X# D5 nThe U.S. and its friends "have to work closely in a lot of different areas to be able to defeat these weapon systems," the former officer said. "One of the ways is through technologies that can deceive the seekers, the missile seekers, on some of these weapons, so that the seeker thinks it's going towards the aircraft carrier or a ship but it's actually going towards a piece of water a half a mile or more away. This can be done. Deception."( ]9 ?+ p2 f) A/ m6 b
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Should approaching the South China Sea become impossible, the U.S. military plans to respond with remote missile strikes.0 {7 h5 _# y' f7 H  x2 S; l9 o

, Z( V& T) F2 f4 MRetired Gen. Jack Keane, a former Army vice chief of staff, said that the U.S. believes that China's A2/AD strategy gives Beijing a competitive advantage. Washington, therefore, must make certain that "there's an effective deterrence there, and long-range missiles is part of the U.S. strategy," he said.
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7 o# p- G/ B) F/ c, w. qThe U.S. withdrew from its Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Russia last year and has been developing new missiles in that class. It will start negotiations with Asian countries on where to deploy them.6 Z% W0 p0 _! j" C/ Y. {" C
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Greater Chinese control in the South China Sea would limit U.S. activity there, making it a safe haven for Chinese nuclear submarines carrying ballistic missiles aimed at the U.S.
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In response to recent developments, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Monday said that "Beijing's claims to offshore resources across most of the South China Sea are completely unlawful" -- signaling a shift from the Trump administration's previous neutrality on the waters. The guided-missile destroyer USS Ralph Johnson conducted a freedom-of-navigation operation Tuesday in the Spratly Islands area, according to the U.S. 7th Fleet.# a3 v# n& D: H$ f0 F

% G  T6 Q, f# h/ r% j) |8 i"On Monday, for the first time, we made our policy on the South China Sea crystal clear," Pompeo told reporters Wednesday. "It's not China's maritime empire. If Beijing violates the international law and free nations do nothing, then history shows that the CCP [Chinese Communist Party] will simply take more territory."; }- {6 m0 K* `2 p* M8 ?6 w
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The U.S. had been on its back foot in recent years regarding the South China Sea. "While many of us who were in the U.S. government at the time of the Obama administration's announcement of the 'pivot to the Pacific' had great hopes for this strategy, the sad reality of what actually happened was that despite the 'bumper sticker' about the rebalance to the Pacific, the reality is the Obama administration essentially did nothing to put tangible actions behind that strategy," said James Fanell, who served as head of intelligence for the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
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$ t% k+ W# G- i! `! l( QPresident Donald Trump also has little interest in the South China Sea, and whether the U.S. military can curb Chinese activity in the waters over the long term is an open question.
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发表于 2020-7-20 09:49 | 显示全部楼层
一场大战 美国会不会倒下
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